|Formula Ingredient Deck
||Benefits Of Each Ingredient
|Vitamin B6 pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP)
- Serves as a cofactor in more than 150 enzymatic reactions associated in blood sugar regulation, immunity, cardiovascular function, neuronal health, metabolic, and digestive health (38, 40).
- Reduces plasma glucose (blood sugar levels) via by inhibiting the activity of small-intestinal α-glucosidases (enzymes associated with glucose metabolism) (39).
- Functions as an antioxidant by counteracting the formation of reactive oxygen species (inflammatory markers) and advanced glycation end-products (38,40).
- May support blood sugar regulation in women with gestational diabetes (40).
- Cofactor for enzymes involved in DNA metabolism (40).
|Niacin (Vitamin B3)
- Major B vitamin that supports cardiovascular health by inhibiting hepatic(liver) triglyceride synthesis, reducing very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion, and increasing HDL plasma concentrations (9).
- Reduces conversion of VLDL into LDL proteins and serum lipoprotein concentrations in plasma (blood) (9).
- Vital for regulation of gene expression, cell cycle progression, and DNA repair, and cell death (9).
- Supports healthy inflammatory response via antioxidant and anti-apoptotic (prevention of cell death) properties (9).
- Prevents pathologies(diseases) such as Pellagra and reduces prevalence of nervous anorexia, cancer, and crohn’s disease (10, 11).
- Supports sensitization of tumors to radiation via apoptosis (cell death) cascade of tumor mass and improves oxygen delivery to malignant tissues (cancer cells) (12).
- Supports cognitive health by reducing age-related decline of NAD+, increasing quinolinic acid and reducing neuroinflammation (9).
- Increased niacin associated NAD+ levels have been shown to increase neurotransmission, learning and memory (9).
- Niacin reduces the prevalence of neurodegenerative pathologies by preventing mitochondrial dysfunction (9).
- Optimizes energy, cognitive function, and mental alertness. (24).
- Supplementation with caffeine has been shown to acutely enhance exercise performance (24).
- Supports cardiovascular health and exercise performance by increasing production of l-arginine (34).
- Increases nitric oxide production, improves exercise performance, and increases blood flow to exercising skeletal muscle (35).
- Supports strength increases, exercise endurance, and recovery (34,35).
- May reduce blood pressure by increasing vascular function (34).
|Vitamin B-12 (Methylcobalamin)
- Metabolically active, methylated form of Vitamin B12 needed for proper DNA synthesis, folate cycle function, energy production, cognitive function, and immune health (51,53).
- Aids as an antioxidant via direct scavenging of reactive oxygen species (inflammation), preserving l-glutathione levels (master antioxidant), and reducing oxidative stress (51).
- May prevent vitamin b-12 deficiency diseases such as anemia, neurodegenerative disease, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis (53).
- Optimizes exercise performance, muscle mass, strength, thermoregulation, recovery, and intramuscular stores of phosphocreatine (PCr) (47).
- Vital for the energy reaction of every cell in the human body as a spatial energy shuttle and energy sensor (47,50).
- Vital in bioenergetics (metabolic activity) of the brain (50).
- Fuels CD8 and CD4 T- cell mediated immunity (immune cells) in cancer tissue (48,49).
- Supports cognition and focus via replenishment of cerebral storage of creatine (creatine in the brain) (50).
- Supports cognitive health in brain creatine deficiency associated neurodegenerative diseases (50).
- Supports cognitive health by enhancing the facilitation of synaptic glutamate and neurotransmitter uptake (50).
- Supports conversion and activation of other B vitamins, red blood cell production and serves as a cofactor for both glucose and fat metabolism (energy production) (92,93).
- Supports aerobic energy metabolism (oxidative phosphorylation), cell growth, optimal neuronal conduction (nerve impulses), and cardiovascular health (94).
- Supports cardiovascular function and aids as a neuroprotective agent in individuals with vitamin B-1 deficiencies (94, 95).
- Supports energy production, cell growth, cell repair, cognitive function, increased hippocampal volume (memory), and optimized bioenergetics (burning of carbohydrates, fat, and protein) (96).
- Supports immune, cardiovascular, skin, cognitive, fat burning, and digestive health (97, 98).
- Supports immune health via increased oxidant, free radical scavenging, and fueling neutrophilic (immune cell) activity in chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and microbial killing (97,98).
- Supports fat burning by increasing carnitine biosynthesis (molecule required for mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation) (97,98).
- Supports accelerate bone healing after a fracture, increase type I collagen synthesis, and reduce oxidative stress (inflammation) (98).
- Supports increased muscle protein synthesis, decreased adipose tissue mass (fat loss), increased creatine synthesis, reduced fatigue from exercise, and improves nitric oxide production (99, 100).
- Supports skeletal muscle hypertrophy by aiding as an anabolic intramuscular Osmolyte (drawing water to muscle cells) (99,100).
- Increases skeletal muscle hypertrophy via increased methionine production and ultimately increased creatine reservoir (99,100).
- Reduces adipose tissue by increasing mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (fat burning) via increased l-carnitine transport (a molecule that transports to be burned) (99,100).
- Supports increased mood and hippocampal volume (memory) (101).
- Supports relaxation, positive mood, increased memory, reduced anxiety, blood sugar regulation, and increased growth hormone production (102).
- Improves exercise performance, increases nutrient delivery to exercising muscle, and reduces lactate-associated neurological exercise fatigue (15).
- Reduces carnosine (muscle acidity) levels and acts as an intramuscular ph buffer (15).
- Reduces lactate “burn” associated fatigue during extreme exercise (15).